Urbanization has occurred at a slower rate in India as compared to the other developing countries, but in the recent times the pace has increased because of the economic growth. Economic reforms have already unleashed investment and growth offering its citizens rich opportunities. India has not paid systematic attention to urbanization so far.
Whereas urbanization has been an instrument of economic, social and political progress, it has led to serious socio-economic problems and challenges. The sheer magnitude of urban population, haphazard and unplanned growth of urban areas, and a desperate lack of infrastructure are the main causes of the problems faced. Poverty, unemployment, underemployment among the rural immigrants, beggary, thefts and other social evils are rampant.
The rapid growth of urban population both natural or migration, has put heavy pressure on public utilities like housing, sanitation, transport, water, electricity, sewerage, health, education and so on. [Read more…]