A Green Home implies one that uses less water, optimizes energy, conserves natural resources, generates less waste and provides healthier spaces for occupants as compared to conventional homes. A green home is a type of house designed to be environment friendly and sustainable while focusing on the efficient use of ‘energy waste’ and building material. So this may include buying more energy-efficient appliances and utilizing specific building material that are efficient in keeping both cool and heated air inside the structure.
These environment friendly buildings cost more than a conventional structure. Photo-voltaic cells, new appliances and modern technology tends to cost more but yields 10 times as much over the entire life of the building.The indoor environmental quality enhancement helps in providing comfort and improving the well-being and productivity of the occupants. It helps to purify the air quality by reducing volatile organic compounds and other air impurities e.g., microbial components. These homes rely on properly designed ventilation- naturally or through mechanically powered equipment. The building material is also of superior quality and interior finish products have zero or low emission improving indoor air quality.
It is also important to control moisture accumulation (dampness) for indoor air quality . A well-insulated and lightly sealed envelope will reduce moisture penetration problems but at the same time adequate ventilation is also necessary to eliminate moisture from indoor sources like human metabolic processes- cooking, bathing, cleaning and other activities. So if you are paying more for an eco-friendly home, you are paying for your own long term comfort.
These homes have-
a. Siting and structural design efficiency- The foundation of any construction project is rooted in the concept and design stages. This has an impact on cost and performance.
b. Energy Efficiency– Green homes often include measures to reduce energy consumption.
c. Water Efficiency- Reducing water consumption and protecting water quality. Recycling and water harvesting.
d. Operation and Maintenance Optimization–
Without this, sustainability, design and construction are of no use.
Green architecture also seeks to reduce waste of energy, water and material used during construction. Today, India has 267 certified green buildings which are fully functional and operational. So paying for green home helps you save on your electricity bill, water bills, you enjoy better air quality (with pollution being a major problem), less carbon dioxide index and an ecofriendly system.
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