Large-scale real estate development generates huge amount of construction waste. The management and disposal of such loads of waste has become a matter of concern which is why the Central Government came out with the law that prohibits the dumping of construction waste in the drains or accumulating them on the roadside. The announcement made on 29th March, 2016 clearly specified that it is mandatory for the large realty development companies to submit a waste management plan to the local authorities, along with their building plan. It will also be a part of building permission.
The Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules came out as a deliberate method of curbing the increasing level of pollution in the Indian cities. Dumping of construction waste on the roadside and mismanagement of it contributes towards 20 percent of the pollution in big cities like Mumbai and the National Capital Region. The idea is to reutilize the construction waste as a resource.
With rapid real estate growth in the big cities of India, construction waste has posed a problem for civic authorities. Though certain rules were made by local bodies, most of the garbage ended up in drains, marsh lands, rivers or landfills around the construction site. A pile of construction waste may consist of debris, concrete, roofing material, lumber, electric wires and plumbing material. This unscientific and unplanned dumping of construction scrap leads to pollution and wastage of reusable materials from the piles.
Under the Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016, the government aims at drafting a rule to recover, reuse and recycle the material into something useful. This has remained a debated topic for a long period and the government also invited suggestions. The draft rules were announced by the Environment Ministry in January 2016 after which it received 111 additional suggestions. It was only after bringing those suggestions into account that the rule was officially brought forward on March 29, 2016.
The large building firms will have to submit a construction and demolition disposal plan to the authorities. Local bodies are also instructed to commission disposal plants within 18 months in cities where the population exceeds 1 million. The wastes dumped on the roadside become roadblocks and make it difficult for vehicles to pass, river water is contaminated due to the garbage dump and pollution is all time high. Hence, this rule will go a long way in curbing population in Indian cities.
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